1. Which malignancies are most common with women?
The most frequent malignancy is breast cancer, followed by cervical cancer. Both malignancies are relatively terrorizing for women. Fortunately, both of these cancers are treatable if discovered in time.
2. What are the precautions one should take to prevent cancer or discover it in the earliest stages, when it's still treatable?
Exact causes for cancers are not known, but fortunately, we now know about many risk factors which should be considered with caution when it's possible, of course
3. Risk Factors for Breast Cancer:
• Genetic Predispositions
• Older Age (40+)
• Not giving birth, abscence of breastfeeding, and/or late first pregnancy
• Long "Menstrual life" period (early first period, late menopause or both)
• Obesity and diets rich in fat
• Alcohol and Cigarette abuse
• Lack of Physical activity
4. Risk Factors for Cervical Cancer
• First sexual experiences at very young age
• A Large number of sexual partners
• HPV Infection
• Avoidance of gynecological check-ups
In most cases, breast cancer is discovered by women themselves as it appears as a small, painless, rigid nodes. That is why it's very important to check your own breasts at least once a month and if you are not sure how, ask your gynecologist.
5. What should I pay attention to most?
Every unusual occurrences such as spontaneous nipple secretion, inverted nipples, unusual vaginal secretion or bleeding on the outset of the menstrual cycle. Talk to your gynecologist at once to determine the cause!
6. What diagnostic methods are used to discover cancers and how often should I check myself?
• Gynecological examination and Pap Smear (once a year)
• Colposcopy (once every two years)
• Ultrasound of Breasts (Once a year)